Buren High School was named after the oldest bastion of the Castle in Cape Town. Buren was an honorary title of the Prince of Oranje of the Netherlands during the seventeenth century. The symbolism of a Bastion offers protection and opportunities for growth and development for both pupils and teachers. The pupils and teachers should enjoy maximum opportunity for personal growth.

The School emblem consists of the outline of Buren bastion in gold as its basis, and a blossoming "Watsonia tubularia", an indigenous Cape flower that used to grow in the wetlands area of the Salt River, which figures prominently on the emblem. The blossoming flower is indicative of the youths, people blessed with potential and ability to develop beyond their own expectations.